This world is facing depletion of many resources due to the increasing population day by day. Here main concern to be discussed is water depletion.
The idea of seriousness can be taken if we consider today’s situation to the future predicted by researchers for 2050.
Today’s problem of clean water for drinking is associated with one in ten people but it is calculated that incoming 2050 year every one-fourth of the population will face this problem.
Seventy-two percent of the earth’s surface is indeed covered with water but the issue arises for clean water which can serve the purpose of drinking.
The leftover water is salty and present in oceans and for making it suitable for drinking, a lot of money and energy has to be utilized.
That day where water will be sold like gold or silver.
For avoiding these situations, we need to consider these methods and apply most of them at our convenience.
Starting with the technology to increase the amount of water suitable for drinking. As we all know we have more than enough water available if we ignore the fact that it is unsuitable for drinking.
This method is found by scientists of Shinshu University in Japan. By following this method, we can convert unsuitable water to suitable for one.
In the distillation process, graphene-coating for filtration membranes is made for high flows of water which makes it cost and energy-efficient.
This coating which is developed by scientists increases the flow by 1.5x-2x of reverse osmosis making it cost-efficient and favorable to use.
The Warka Water tower
The most creative way to collect water out of the air is here. It looks like a huge alien spaceship tower but it is a huge structure tower 30 feet tall that can collect water droplets and is covered with nylon nets.
It gives a massive surface to water droplets condensation. It is made up of nylon nettings where the humidity of air gets condensed and collected at the base.
It can collect 26 gallons of water per day which is sufficient for a small village. It can be set up only in a week and only costs $1000.
An impressive way to deal with the problem which has tons of benefits.
Chlorine maker for decontamination
Despite less availability of water, another issue is the contamination of suitable water. It is a wastage of water which cannot be resolved using a filtration method.
The use of water after filtration can cause plague and other diseases that spread in untreated water around the population due to the presence of bacteria.
Water can be treated by boiling it for time and then consuming it but in rural areas chlorine is used as a disinfectant.
This is used to kill all the bacteria viruses and protozoans.
So, the technology which comes into play here is SE200 Community, Chlorine Maker. Using this people can treat water using salt and a 12volt battery using the process of electrolysis.
A drinkable book
The problem does not end with the introduction of technology in our lives. It continues with the access which includes unable to access the technology and equipment which can filter the water supplies for locals.
Solving this issue of locals is developed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. It is a book which has the power to filter the water supplies and can be accessed by everyone easily.
This book is known as The Drinkable Book in which every page can be used as a filter and it filters 99% of bacteria and harmful things from the water making it suitable for drinking.
The number of sheets present in each book is enough for an individual to filter water for up to 4 years.
New technology is coming forward keeping the same old trend of desalination which is done with solar desalination now. The method of solar desalination is promising in today’s world for the regions which are hard to reach.
The technology is known as a desolenator and it works for the removal of 99.9% of the contaminants from the water. It produces about 15 liters of fresh and drinkable water per day.
This quantity is not enough for the agricultural us but still can be benefactors for drinking for a family. This device works on solar energy making it cost-efficient.
This can stay with you for 20 years and comes at the cost of $774 per unit. It is a bit different from traditional desalination.
It does not use all of the solar energy in the desalination rather it uses solar heat and electricity as combined power for the purification of water.
The heat is used to distill the water in a very energy-conserving way making it efficient. Besides, batteries are present with it for the storage of solar energy while water supply is not enough and used later.
With all these hot water tanks are also built-in orders to store thermal energy when it is not in use. This whole idea and technology are combined to form a desalination tool that can be used in any environment or region using solar collectors.
The Orbital Shower System
The other way to help this world from this crisis which is facing water shortages is applying the word ‘reusing’. Here we are discussing greywater: the water which is already used for bathing and sanitation.
A company named Orbital Systems developed a tool known as the Orbital Shower.
It collects the used water in the shower for after use and purifies it. The water which is purified goes to the next step of recycling by the showerhead.
This way a proper cycle is maintained and this system is formed avoiding loss of water. This method can save up to 90% of water while showering.
It creates a big impact in areas where water scarcity is common. This method saves a huge amount in water bills like $1,000 in a year.
In this technology, everyone carries their straws. This invention is a turning point in the field of filtration. It is a portable drinking straw. While using it you do not need to worry about the quality of water. Just slurp through the straw and it will filtrate the water on its own. A single straw can filter 1000 liters of water and it does it with the perfection of 99.9%.
Every scientist is working daily to find new and best methods for solving this huge crisis which can question the existence of humans in the future.
Every single person on the planet is equally responsible for this upcoming issue and the same has to execute the safety measures. Try every possible way to conserve and reuse.